When Do Bass Fish Spawn?

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Bass spawning period requires some preparation time for this species as they find a mate, build their nest area, and then lay the eggs at the bottom of the water body. When do fish spawn? To know the answer, we should know how the bass lifecycle works and what the favorable spawning factors are.

When Do Bass Fish Spawn?

Bass fish spawn in late April to early June when the water temperature is between 62⁰ Fahrenheit and 78⁰ Fahrenheit. In areas where the water temperatures are between the ranges of 62⁰ Fahrenheit and 78⁰ Fahrenheit in spring, bass will spawn in spring.

An image of a group of men fishing

The spawning period for every fish depends upon its location as well. Once you know the area and the nature of bass, you will know where to fish for bass in spring and early summer. The pre-spawn begins with the male fish preparing the nest in a protected shoreline or muddy and sandy areas.

These bass circle the nest as they look for a mate. Spawning begins when the female bass lays eggs in the nest. After spawning, the females leave the eggs, and the male bass guard the eggs and fry. This last phase is called the post-spawn period.

Where Do Bass Spawn?

Water temperatures are essential for spawning bass, and therefore, it is natural for them to look for a spot where sunlight reaches and the water is warmer. However, in clear waters, there is a risk of predators attacking the eggs.

Bass moves to the depth of the lake where the water temperature is favorable since water clarity allows the sun rays to reach deeper, and the muddy nesting beds can be guarded more easily to ensure that the eggs or fry remain safe from predators and grow.

The sun’s warmth keeps the eggs incubated and male bass efficiently select the most favorable spot to prepare the bed immediately after the end of the winter season. The bass will clean up the spot designated as the spawning nest and cleans it with its tail. A circular area with a diameter of almost twice its length is prepared.

Bass Fishing During Spawn

Bass anglers love the adventure and thrill linked to this sport, and as spawn fishing can be tricky, they like to plan a trip during the spawning months. If you are located in the northern states, this time will be from early April till June.

If you are in the warmer, southern states, you can fish during the spawning season starting from March. In lakes, focus your fishing in or around the warm pockets so that you can capitalize on successful catches. The most active bass will be around these pockets.

However, the correct use of lures during the pre-spawn, spawn, and post-spawn phases will be helpful in attracting fish more quickly. Secondary points and lake beds are a good focus for anglers, although you will find many females swimming in shallow waters to look for food.

A fish in a water

How to Hook a Nesting Bass

The male bass that guards the nest will not be willing to leave their spot for a small fish swimming away from it. Anglers must focus on trying different lures in the various places to attract hungry females coming up for a bite. You can also aim to catch the guarding males by using bright-colored lures with contrasting bodies.

The male bass knows its duty of guarding the eggs. Therefore, it will attack any small fish lurking around, thinking that it is trying to eat the eggs. You will get a hooked bass even if the lure seems to be an egg predator.

Sight fishing is a famous technique to fish for bass during the spawning season. Anglers can walk around the edge of the lake and locate shallow water nests. However, since bass fish may be able to see you, it is better to look for dug-up nests and then look out for the shadows of bass.

Some Related Questions

What Is the Best Time to Fish for Bass?

Bass fishing season is on all year round, however, if you want to fish some big bass, you should plan your trip around dawn or dusk when the lighting is low. Bass is an active species, and if it sees anglers or the line lowered into the water, they will not come near.

Which Lure Do You Use During Spawning Season?

You can use bed fishing baits such as:

  • Flipping jig
  • Worm tubes
  • Carolina rigged craw
  • Bladed jig

These lures can reach the bottom of the water and are available in various colors to look like real bait fish that will attract spawning bass.


Before setting out for a bass fishing trip, it is best to know about the fish so that you know where to find them and maximize your chances of success. When do bass fish spawn? The answer to this can unlock the most favorable timings for a thrilling and tricky bass fishing adventure.